The key objective of SSA and the subsequent RTE act is Universalization of Elementary Education
(UEE) viz. Access, Enrolment & Retention of all children. The RTE Act has given a new thrust to the
education of Children with Special Needs (CWSN), as without their inclusion in regular school objective
of universalization of education will not achieved Therefore Inclusive Education is one of the important
component under SSA. The State has taken initiative specially focus on Child Centre coverage plan of
CWSN to reach services every door step through multi option model.
While implementing the intervention, activities has been taken like, Identification of CWSN, Medical
Assessment and Rehabilitation Support Services, Educational Support Services etc. and strives for
ensuring Quality education to CWSN in inclusive setup with non-disabled peer group, to make them
Identification of CWSN:
Primary stage identification of CWSN done with the help of experts from rehabilitation field.
Medical assessment Camp:
The Medical assessment camps are organized through NRHM, PHC camps, Block, civil hospitals,
Medical Colleges, medical trusts and educational rehabilitation institutions of Maharashtra. The
expert team assesses and recommends various support services to the identify CWSN according to
disabilities in the camp. The educational, vocational and other rehabilitation options are also being
decided at the camp.
Those CWSN having problem in Muscles, Joint deformities & contractures Tongue tie & cleft Palate,
Squint were referred for surgery from block level camp. As per line of treatment 34000 corrective
surgeries have been done.
Transition from Home base to regular school:
During educational assessment & field visit state were identified the needs of the children with
special need to occupy in regular school with the help of care giver. As soon as semi resource room
develop for activities of daily leaving & development of sensory motor & communication at CRC
Capacity Building through Multi Category Training:
There has been a substantial expansion of variety of activities for bringing the children in
Elementary Education & transit forms home to school & school to class. As well as there were
remains a lot challenges of providing quality education. The challenge has different dimensions like
effective onsite support, evaluation process and availability of existing infrastructure, right kind of
learning materials how to be used for students, in stipulated time.
Inclusive Education of the Disable at Secondary Stage (IEDSS) under RMSA
The Scheme of Inclusive Education for Disabled at Secondary Stage (IEDSS) was launched during
2009-10 and replaces the earlier scheme of Integrated Education for Disabled Children (IEDC). The
aim of this scheme is to enable all students with disabilities to pursue four years of secondary
education in an inclusive and enabling environment, after completing eight years of elementary
The scheme covers all children studying in classes IX to XII in Government, local body and
Government-aided schools, with one or more disabilities as defined under the Persons with Disabilities
Act (1995) and the National Trust Act (1999). The type of disabilities range from blindness, low vision,
leprosy cured, hearing impairment, locomotor disability, mental retardation, mental illness, autism
and cerebral leprosy, speech impairment, learning disabilities etc. Girls with disabilities are provided
with special attention to help them gain access to secondary education, information and guidance for
their developing potential. Moreover, the scheme envisages to set up model inclusive schools in every
Aims & Objectives
The Centrally Sponsored IEDSS Scheme aims to:
Enable all students with disabilities completing eight years of elementary schooling an opportunity
to complete four years of secondary schooling (classes IX to XII) in an inclusive and enabling
Provide educational opportunities and facilities to students with disabilities in the general education
system at the secondary level (classes IX to XII).
Support the training of general school teachers to meet the needs of children with disabilities at the
The objectives of the scheme will be to ensure that:
Every child with disability will be identified at the secondary level and his educational need
Every student in need of aids and appliances, assistive devices, will be provided the same
All architectural barriers in schools are removed so that students with disability have access to
classrooms, laboratories, libraries and toilets in the school.
Each student with disability will be supplied learning material as per his/ her requirement
All general school teachers at the secondary level will be provided basic training to teach students
with disabilities within a period of three to five years.
Students with disabilities will have access to support services like the appointment of special
educators, establishment of resource rooms in every block.
Model schools are set up in every state to develop good replicable practices in inclusive education.